A garden that contains more than 750,000 vines, each with its own history… Château Latour's vineyards are a magnificent mosaic in which all of the vines, some of which are more than a hundred years old, contribute to the magic of the wines year after year. They are also in constant evolution, requiring patience, meticulous attention to detail and a great deal of care to ensure the healthy development of the young vines that will gradually replace the older ones.
The vineyard currently consists of 78 hectares in production; it is the grapes from the 47 hectares that surround the Château, known as "L'Enclos", that may potentially be used in the production of the Grand Vin. The Enclos consists of a hilltop that rises 16 metres above the level of the Gironde, encircled to the north and south by two streams and to the east by the "Palus" (marshland) on the edge of the Gironde. The thirty hectares outside of the Enclos consists of several very handsome plots ("Petit Batailley" and "Pinada" among others) that have been acquired over the Château's long history. These grapes are used for the Forts de Latour, blend and the youngest vines for the Pauillac. The estate is planted with about 80% Cabernet Sauvignon, 18% Merlot, and 2% Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot: • Cabernet Sauvignon is the best grape variety for this terroir; it is perfectly at home in the poor, gravelly soil, which requires deep roots to find nutrients and water in the clay subsoil. These selective supply conditions give the wine concentration, colour and tannic structure. • The Merlot plays a regulating role, tempering the strength of the dominant Cabernet Sauvignon. It is mainly planted on the lower slopes of the hilltops in the Enclos, where the layers of gravel are a little shallower, and the clay and limestone can give it its powerful, full-bodied, generous character. • the other two grape varieties, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot, play a very minor role in the final blend. The vineyard is densely planted (10,000 vines per hectare), which is a further quality factor, as each vine only produces a small number of grapes. Great care is taken with the daily maintenance and operation of the vineyard. Find out more about work in the vineyard..